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    山東采沙船的結構原理和遵循的原則是什么?
    采沙船顧名思義是在采沙過程中我們使用的工具,我們所采的沙是自然界中裸露的巖石,經陽光、風雨、霜凍等自然和人為因素的共同作用分化成細小微粒,在使用采沙船時我們也來了解一下采沙船的結構原理和應遵循的原則是什么。
    首先來說一下采沙船結構原理:
    1 、挖掘系統:由挖斗鏈、主驅動、斗架等組成,主要用于完成表土和礦砂的采挖作業。   
    2 、選礦設備:由圓筒篩、選金組合螺旋溜槽、粗選設備和精選設備組成,用于完成礦砂的洗礦、碎散、    篩分、粗選和精選作業。   
    3 、尾礦排棄系統:由膠帶輸送機、砂泵等組成,用于輸送排棄礫石和尾礦。   
    4 、供水及中礦輸送系統:由水泵、砂泵、水管、砂泵管管系等組成,用于供水和中礦礦漿輸送。
    5 、絞車系統:由斗架提升絞車、首繩絞車、提錨絞車、橫移絞車和登岸橋絞車等組成,用于進船、調船  、系船、船的橫移及斗架、樁柱、登岸橋的升降等。
    6 、起重設備:由船首起重機、主驅動間起重機和其他起重設備所組成,用于完成各種起重工作。   
    7 、船體及船體設施:由平底船和各種船體設施所組成,用于安裝采金船的各種設備和結構,使采金船能    平穩地飄浮于水上作業。

    8 、上部鋼結構及房屋 : 由主桁架、前桅架、后桅架、操縱室、辦公室、廠房、樓梯走臺和登岸橋等組成,用于支撐和布置各種設施和設備,保證采金船在作業時操作方便,安全可靠。  

    其次是應遵循的原則是什么:
     1、充分利用地面水,合理開發地下水,做到地下水和地面水統籌安排;
     2、應根據各含水層的補水能力,確定各層水井數目和開采量,做到分層取水,淺、中、深結合,合理布局;
     3、必須與旱澇堿咸的治理結合,統一規劃,做到既保障灌溉,又降低地下水位、防堿防漬;既開采了地下水,又騰空了地下庫容;使汛期能存蓄降雨和地面徑流,并為治澇治堿創造條件。

    這些就是小編今天想跟大家分享的內容,自然資源砂石雖然前景十分廣闊,但也要合理開采,了解采沙船使用的情況外,我們更注意我們的環境。

    The mining boat as the name implies is the tool we use in the process of sand mining, the sands we gather are the bare rocks in nature, and the common effects of natural and man-made factors such as sunlight, wind and rain, frost, and differentiation into tiny particles, we also come to understand the structure principle of the sand mining and what the principles should be followed.
    First, the construction principle of the sand mining is:
    1, mining system: by the bucket chain, main drive, bucket rack and so on, mainly used to complete the topsoil and ore excavation operations.
    2, beneficiation equipment: The cylinder sieve, the selection of gold combination spiral chute, coarse selection equipment and selection of equipment, for the completion of ore washing, crushing, screening, coarse selection and selection of homework.
    3, tailings dump system: by belt conveyor, sand pump and so on, for conveying the dumping of gravel and tailings.
    4, water supply and medium-ore conveying system: by pumps, sand pumps, pipes, sand pump pipe and other components, for water supply and ore pulp conveying.
    5, winch System: Lifting winch, first rope winch, lifting anchor winch, transverse winch and landing bridge winch, etc., used to enter the ship, the ship, the ship, the ship's transverse movement and bucket rack, pile column, landing bridge and so on.
    6, Lifting equipment: The bow crane, the main driving crane and other lifting equipment, to complete a variety of lifting work.
    7, Hull and hull facilities: by the flat-bottomed ship and various hull facilities, used to install the Gold Ship's various equipment and structure, so that the gold ship can float smoothly on the water.
    8, Upper steel structure and housing: by the main truss, front mast, rear mast, control room, office, plant, staircase and landing bridges, etc., to support and decorate a variety of facilities and equipment, to ensure that the gold ship in the operation of convenient, safe and reliable.
    The second is what principles should be followed:
    1, make full use of surface water, reasonably develop groundwater, to achieve the integrated arrangement of groundwater and surface water;
    2. According to the water recharge capacity of each aquifer, the number of wells and the amount of mining should be determined, and the layering of water, shallow, medium and deep, reasonable layout;
    3, must combine with the drought and waterlogging alkali salty management, unify plan, do not only protect the irrigation, but also reduce the underground water level, prevent the alkali stain; both mined groundwater and vacated underground storage capacity, and the flood season can store rainfall and ground runoff, and create conditions for the treatment of waterlogging Zhi.
     These are small series today want to share with you the content, Natural resources sandstone Although the prospects are very broad, but also to reasonable mining, to understand the use of sand mining situation, we pay more attention to our environment.

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